New Zealand is a fascinating country located in the southern hemisphere, which gives it a unique character.
The climate of the country is influenced by its proximity to the sea, the Southern Alps, and its latitude. The weather is of great importance to its people, as the economy and livelihood of the natives and settlers depend on the land and resources.
New Zealand has a temperate climate with mild temperatures and heavy rainfall.
The mountains and the sea are an integral part of the landscape and have a significant impact on the weather patterns. Although the temperature in New Zealand does not vary greatly, it can change unexpectedly due to cold fronts and tropical cyclones that quickly blow inland. This feature can affect tourism and outdoor activities such as hiking. The weather in New Zealand is divided into four distinct seasons:
- spring (September to November),
- summer (December to February),
- autumn (March to May), and
- winter (June to August).
The weather in New Zealand is temperate, but the north has a subtropical climate during the summer months. Conversely, the alpine areas of South Island can get very cold in winter (-10C). During the summer months, the temperature usually ranges between 20 – 30ºC, with the sunniest areas being the Bay of Plenty, Hawke’s Bay, Nelson, and Marlborough.
New Zealand has a low level of air pollution, resulting in strong UV rays during summer. Tourists and locals are advised to use sunscreen, sunglasses, and hats.
The average rainfall in New Zealand is between 640 mm and 1500 mm, which is evenly spread throughout the year. This adds to the beauty of the landscape with the presence of forest areas and great land for farming and horticulture. New Zealand’s summer comprises high temperatures and sunshine, making it ideal for outdoor activities. The pristine beaches are perfect for sunbathing, surfing, and water sports during the summer months.
The autumn months are a little cooler, with colorful leaves making the scenery beautiful. The winter months are colder, with rain in most areas of the North Island. In contrast, the South Island has cooler temperatures and little rainfall in winter. Spring has a varied weather range from cold and frosty to warm and hot. The melting spring snow makes river rafting fun with the high water levels.